For example, the word bronchogenic can be broken into the following word elements with, for the sake of ease in pronunciation, a vowel (usually "o") linking the word … Excess amounts can lead to coronary artery disease. Second-degree heart block – Impulses traveling through the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) are delayed in the area between the upper and lower chambers (the AV node) and fail to make the ventricles beat at the right moment. Septal defect – A hole in the wall of the heart separating the atria or in the wall of the heart separating the ventricles. The affected tissue dies, injuring the heart. Angioplasty is an example of a transcatheter intervention. High triglyceride levels may thicken the blood and make a person more susceptible to clot formation. annarumbles. Collateral circulation – Blood flow through small, nearby vessels in response to blockage of a main blood vessel. Body mass index (BMI) – A number that indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease from a person being overweight. Stenosis – The narrowing or constriction of an opening, such as a blood vessel or heart valve. Testing, Testing: Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Radiology and Diagnostic Tests. Trans fat, like saturated fat, tends to raise LDL cholesterol levels, and, unlike saturated fat, trans fat also lowers HDL cholesterol levels. Cardiomyopathy: An acquired or hereditary disease of the heart muscle. Vasospasm: refers to narrowing of the blood vessels. Angioplasty – A nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery. Also called MUGA (multiple gated acquisition scan) or nuclear ventriculography. Inotropes – Positive inotropes: Any medicine that increases the strength of the heart’s contraction. angioplasty Abnormal levels of these enzymes signal heart attack. Valve replacement – An operation to replace a heart valve that is either blocking normal blood flow or causing blood to leak backward into the heart (regurgitation). Heart attack – Death of, or damage to, part of the heart muscle caused by a lack of oxygen-rich blood flowing to the heart. Risk factor – An element or condition involving a certain hazard or danger. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. Thallium-201 stress test – An x-ray study that follows the path of radioactive potassium carried by the blood into heart muscle. This condition often indicates a heart defect. A root word has no prefix or suffix — it's the most basic part of a word. Radionuclide imaging – A test in which a harmless radioactive substance is injected into the bloodstream to show information about blood flow through the arteries. blood vessel. Trans fat – Created when hydrogen is forced through an ordinary vegetable oil (hydrogenation), converting some polyunsaturates to monounsaturates, and some monounsaturates to saturates. Patent ductus arteriosus – A congenital defect in which the opening between the aorta and the pulmonary artery does not close after birth. Aort/o. Pulmonary vein – The blood vessel that carries newly oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the left atrium of the heart. Atrial flutter – A type of arrhythmia in which the upper chambers of the heart (the atria) beat very fast, causing the walls of the lower chambers (the ventricles) to beat inefficiently as well. Estrogen (or hormone) replacement therapy (ERT or HRT) – Hormones that some women may take to offset the effects of menopause. Sudden death – Death that occurs unexpectedly and instantaneously or shortly after the onset of symptoms. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. Table salt (sodium chloride) is nearly half sodium. Antihypertensive – Any medicine or other therapy that lowers blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured in units of mm Hg—how high the pressure inside the arteries would be able to raise a column of mercury. Thrombosis – A blood clot that forms inside the blood vessel or cavity of the heart. Cardiologist – A doctor who specializes in the study of the heart and its function in health and disease. Angiotensin II receptor blocker – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a chemical in the body that causes the blood vessels to tighten (constrict). Atherectomy – A nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries with a rotating device that cuts or shaves away material that is blocking or narrowing an artery. Ascending aorta – The first portion of the aorta, emerging from the heart’s left ventricle. Holter monitor – A portable device for recording heartbeats over a period of 24 hours or more. Lipid – A fatty substance that is insoluble (cannot be dissolved) in the blood. See also NSTEMI. Notable side-effects include myopathy and rhabdomyolysis. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Hyperventilation – Rapid breathing usually caused by anxiety. Bundle branch block – A condition in which parts of the heart’s conduction system are defective and unable to conduct the electrical signal normally, causing an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Also called coronary occlusion. Bacterial endocarditis – A bacterial infection of the lining of the heart’s chambers (called the endocardium) or of the heart’s valves. Hypoxia – Less than normal content of oxygen in the organs and tissues of the body. A resting heart rate is normally 60 to 100 beats a minute. Pericardiocentesis – A diagnostic procedure that uses a needle to withdraw fluid from the sac or membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium). Embolus – Also called embolism; a blood clot that forms in a blood vessel in one part of the body and travels to another part. Streptokinase – A clot-dissolving medicine used to treat heart attack patients. Cardiovascular starts with c and ends in r. Article with 8 consonants, 6 vowels. Diuretics promote urine production. Heart murmur -An abnormal heart sound caused by turbulent blood flow. Cardiovascular definition is - of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels. Estrogen – A female hormone produced by the ovaries that may protect premenopausal women against heart disease. The normal rate is 50% or more. An understanding of the common root words will help us make educated guesses about the meaning of new words and substantially strengthen our vocabulary. Aneurysm – A sac-like protrusion from a blood vessel or the heart, resulting from a weakening of the vessel wall or heart muscle. Coronary artery disease (CAD) – A narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) – The body’s primary cholesterol-carrying molecule. Hematocrit – A measure of the percentage of red blood cells in a given amount (or volume) of whole blood. Atrial tachycardia – A type of arrhythmia that begins in the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) and causes a very fast heart rate of 160 to 200 beats a minute. Myxomatous degeneration – A connective tissue disorder that causes the heart valve tissue to weaken and lose elasticity. Stroke – A sudden disruption of blood flow to the brain, either by a clot or a leak in a blood vessel. Mitral valve prolapse – A condition that occurs when the leaflets of the mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle  bulge into the atrium and permit backflow of blood. See more. For some people, high homocysteine levels are genetic. ... heart: inflammation: Several roots may be combined along with a prefix and/or suffix to form a word. 6-1 ). The damage or death of an area of the heart muscle (myocardium) resulting from a blocked blood supply to the area. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Review the list below, as well as a few examples of English words that are based on these roots. Learn with examples for Root words: Angio, aorto, arterio, athero, cardio, endocardio, myocardio, phlebo and thrombo. Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn’t immediately recognizable because of its origin.You’ll find that the roots listed below are from Greek or Latin and can't stand alone in English; they need something joined to them to make a whole word in English. Angi(o) OR vaso – vessel. In relation to the heart, hypokinesia refers to decreased heart wall motion during each heartbeat. Heart failure – See congestive heart failure. Vascular – Pertains to the blood vessels. Stokes-Adams disease – Also called third-degree heart block; a condition that happens when the impulses that pace your heartbeat do not reach the lower chambers of your heart (the ventricles). Thrombasthenia: Refers to the functional disorder of the platelets. Dysarthria – A speech disorder resulting from muscular problems caused by damage to the brain or nervous system. Given below is a list of commonly used root words, their meanings and some examples of words formed using these root words. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. Acquired heart disease – Heart disease that arises after birth, usually from infection or through the build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries that feed the heart muscle. In response to the evolving pandemic, emerging topics related to COVID-19 are featured in the special Cardiology in the Time of COVID-19 episodes. Also called TAVR (Transcatheter aortic valve replacement). Heredity – The genetic transmission of a particular quality or trait from parent to child. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) – A stroke-like event that lasts only for a short time and is caused by a temporarily blocked blood vessel. Pacemaker – A surgically implanted electronic device that helps regulate the heartbeat. Streptococcal infection (“strep” infection) – An infection, usually in the throat, resulting from the presence of streptococcus bacteria. A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin and threaded to the heart. Abdomen – The area of the body between the bottom of the ribs and the top of the thighs. anterolateral. Aphasia – The inability to speak, write, or understand spoken or written language because of brain injury or disease. Word Roots, Suffixes, & Prefixes. A miniature echo device on the tip of a catheter is used to generate images inside the heart and blood vessels. You'll find that the roots listed below are from Greek or Latin and can't stand alone in English; they need something joined to them to make a whole word in English. lists common root words. Hormones – Chemicals released into the bloodstream that control different functions in the body, including metabolism, growth, sexual development, and responses to stress or illness. Cardiovascular System Root Words Cardiovascular System Suffixes Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune System Prefixes Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune System Combining Forms Blood, Lymphatic, And Immune Systems Suffixes Musculoskeletal System Combining Form Urinary System Root Words It usually applies when a person is 30% or more over ideal body weight. Vertigo – A feeling of dizziness or spinning. Rubella – Commonly known as German measles. Exercise stress test – A common test to help doctors assess blood flow through coronary arteries in response to exercise, usually walking, at varied speeds and for various lengths of time on a treadmill. Third-degree heart block – A serious condition also called Stokes-Adams disease; impulses from the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) are completely blocked from reaching the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles). It means heart. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Cardiomyopathy – A disease of the heart muscle that leads to generalized deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability. Pancreas – The organ behind the stomach that helps control blood sugar levels. I73.1 Thromboangiitis obliterans [Buerger’s disease]. Aorta – The largest artery in the body and the main vessel to supply blood from the heart. heart (n.) Old English heorte "heart (hollow muscular organ that circulates blood); breast, soul, spirit, will, desire; courage; mind, intellect," from Proto-Germanic *hertan-(source also of Old Saxon herta, Old Frisian herte, Old Norse hjarta, Dutch hart, Old High German herza, German Herz, Gothic hairto), from PIE root *kerd-"heart.". Innovative Technologies & Techniques is produced at THI and explores promising advances in medicine that aim to extend the life of cardiac patients and patients at risk for series heart and vascular conditions. It may cause a rapid heartbeat. aortic stenosis. Transesophageal echocardiography – A diagnostic test that analyzes sound waves bounced off the heart. Medscorecoding Designed and Developed by Jpgdesigns, Medical Terminology of the Integumentary System, New ICD-10-CM codes Effective January 1, 2021, COVID-19 vaccine code structure and administration codes. For example, autologous stem cells are those taken from the patient’s own body. Doppler ultrasound – A technology that uses sound waves to assess blood flow within the heart and blood vessels and to identify leaking valves. Pericarditis – Inflammation of the outer membrane surrounding the heart. Cardiopulmonary bypass – The process by which a machine is used to do the work of the heart and lungs so the heart can be stopped during surgery. amaurosis fugax. Stent – A device made of expandable, metal mesh that is placed (by using a balloon catheter) at the site of a narrowing artery. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. Angiolipoma: These are benign subcutaneous tumors composed of fat and blood vessels. Transplantation – Replacing a failing organ with a healthy one from a donor. Gated blood pool scan – An x-ray analysis of how blood pools in the heart during rest and exercise. Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Root Words. Shock – A condition in which body function is impaired because the volume of fluid circulating through the body is insufficient to maintain normal metabolism. Capillaries – Microscopically small blood vessels between arteries and veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues. angiocardiography. Digitalis – A medicine made from the leaves of the foxglove plant. Syncope – A temporary, insufficient blood supply to the brain which causes a loss of consciousness. Lipoprotein – A lipid surrounded by a protein; the protein makes the lipid soluble (can be dissolved) in the blood. Study Cardiovascular, Hemic & Lymphatic System Word Roots Flashcards at ProProfs - Cardiovascular, Hemic & Lymphatic System Word Roots Revascularization – A procedure to restore blood flow to the tissues. There are a few rules when using medical roots. Ventricle (right and left) – One of the two lower chambers of the heart. Done by grafting either a piece of vein from the leg or a piece of the artery from under the breastbone. Radionuclide studies – Any of the diagnostic tests in which a small amount of radioactive material is injected into the bloodstream. Hypokinesia – Decreased muscle movement. Phleboliths: Tiny calcifications located within a vein. Blood pressure – The force or pressure exerted by the heart in pumping blood; the pressure of blood in the arteries. > Root words – Cardiovascular system. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) – An overgrown heart muscle that creates a bulge into the ventricle and impedes blood flow. It contracts to pump blood out of the heart and then relaxes as the heart refills with returning blood. Tricuspid valve – The structure that controls blood flow from the heart’s upper right chamber (the right atrium) into the lower right chamber (the right ventricle). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – An emergency measure that can maintain a person’s breathing and heartbeat. Defibrillator – A device that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electric shock. Key Words: aorta valves magnetic resonance imaging A ccurate and reproducible measurements of the aortic root are needed for informed decision-making on the Angioplasty is an example of a percutaneous coronary intervention. Superior vena cava – The large vein that returns blood from the head and arms to the heart. Inferior vena cava – The large vein returning blood from the legs and abdomen to the heart. Vein – Any one of a series of blood vessels of the vascular system that carries blood from various parts of the body back to the heart, returning oxygen-poor blood to the heart. Cyanosis – Blueness of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. angiography. Bacteria – Germs that can lead to disease. Myocardial ischemia – Occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen. aneurysm. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Cerebral hemorrhage – Bleeding within the brain resulting from a ruptured blood vessel, aneurysm, or head injury. Cardiac arrest – The stopping of the heartbeat, usually because of interference with the electrical signal (often associated with coronary heart disease). It appears to be a genetic condition (passed down through a family’s genes). Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) – ARVD is a type of cardiomyopathy with no known cause. The material makes it possible for a special camera to take pictures of the heart. Plaque – A deposit of fatty (and other) substances in the inner lining of the artery wall characteristic of atherosclerosis. Subclavian arteries – Two major arteries (right and left) that receive blood from the aortic arch and supply it to the arms. Fibrillation – Rapid, uncoordinated contractions of individual heart muscle fibers. Too much iron in the pancreas can lead to diabetes. Incompetent valve – Also called insufficiency; a valve that is not working properly, causing it to leak blood back in the wrong direction. It can be a whole word or part of a word. Electrophysiological study (EPS) – A test that uses cardiac catheterization to study patients who have arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats). Stress – Bodily or mental tension resulting from physical, chemical, or emotional factors. Atherosclerosis: It is a disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. It works by regulating nerve impulses in your heart. Cardiac output – The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in one minute. Sarcoidosis often affects your skin, eyes, or liver, but it can lead to heart problems, such as irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) or restrictive cardiomyopathy. An RVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. Match. It pumps 5 to 6 liters of blood per minute through your body and can pump as many as 30 liters per minute during times of extreme stress. This increased fluid presses on the heart and restricts its pumping action. Also called “stiff heart syndrome.”. A PET scan can also show if your heart is getting enough blood to keep the muscle healthy. Examples. Maze surgery – A type of heart surgery that is used to treat chronic atrial fibrillation by creating a surgical “maze” of new electrical pathways to let electrical impulses travel easily through the heart. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome – A condition in which an extra electrical pathway connects the atria (two upper chambers) and the ventricles (two lower chambers). Amiodarone is mainly given to patients who have not responded to other antiarrhythmic medicines. Carotid artery – A major artery (right and left) in the neck supplying blood to the brain. Noninvasive procedures – Any diagnostic or treatment procedure in which no instrument enters the body. Fatty acids (fats) – Substances that occur in several forms in foods; different fatty acids have different effects on lipid profiles. Biopsy – The process by which a small sample of tissue is taken for examination. Ultrasound – High-frequency sound vibrations, which cannot be heard by the human ear, used in medical diagnosis. The choice of which agent to use depends greatly on the patient's cholesterol profile, cardiovascular, liver and kidney function. Enlarged heart – A state in which the heart is larger than normal because of heredity, long-term heavy exercise, or diseases and disorders such as obesity, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. Subarachnoid hemorrhage – Bleeding from a blood vessel on the surface of the brain into the space between the brain and the skull. To make up for this, the ventricles use their own “backup” pacemaker with its slower rate. Shunt – A connector that allows blood to flow between two locations. Copyright © 2020. Infarct – The area of heart tissue permanently damaged by an inadequate supply of oxygen. MRI can produce detailed pictures of the heart and its various structures without the need to inject a dye. Annulus – The ring around a heart valve where the valve leaflet merges with the heart muscle. When pericarditis occurs, the amount of fluid between the two layers of the pericardium increases. Loading roots. aort, aorto. Guidewire – A small, bendable wire that is threaded through an artery; it helps doctors position a catheter so they can perform angioplasty or stent procedures. Congenital – Refers to conditions existing at birth. Saccular aneurysm – A round aneurysm that bulges out from an artery; involves only part of the circumference (outside wall) of the artery. Myocardium – The muscular wall of the heart. Pulmonary – Refers to the lungs and respiratory system. Arteritis: Inflammation of the walls of arteries. Myocarditis – A rare condition in which the heart muscle becomes inflamed as a result of infection, toxic drug poisoning, or diseases like rheumatic fever, diphtheria, or tuberculosis. Nitroglycerin – A medicine that helps relax and dilate arteries; often used to treat cardiac chest pain (angina). Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn't immediately recognizable because of its origin. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) – A mechanical device that can be placed outside the body or implanted inside the body. Flutter – The rapid, ineffective contractions of any heart chamber. angina pectoris. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). ejercicio cardiovascular. Calcium channel blocker (or calcium blocker) – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by regulating calcium-related electrical activity in the heart. Angiopathy: Refers to disease of the arteries, veins and capillaries. 14 letters, and 6 syllables. I25.10 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris. 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